When it comes to paving and the many forms of paving used today, you’ll quickly discover that there are several different types of paving. From traditional paving, to modern pavements, to alternate paved paths and even parking lots; you’ll have a hard time not finding one to suit your needs. There is also a wide variety of paving materials and colors. It’s important that you pick the right one because a lot of paving is made to last only a few years before it becomes obsolete or unsightly. Here are some of the most common kinds of paving, with their main functions and how they’re used:
For internal uses, see Paving (disambiguation). Paving (a compound word for paving stones) refers to the custom of laying parallel courses of paving stones, usually in the shape of a circle or square. The Romans used paves as internal flooring for their homes and monuments, while the Greeks used them for their walls and for making stepping stones. A paving stone is simply a large paving block, often stone-paved or marble-paved, that is used in internal applications.
Paving can be either impervious or permeable paving, depending on its composition and its intended application. Impervious paving is composed of larger stones with a coarse grain size and a small amount of porosity. Permeable paving is composed of smaller stones of a finer grain size and a larger amount of porosity. Because of the larger grains of porous stones, they are more susceptible to cracking, sinking, and crushing. These cracks and sinks can be repaired using a cement-based sealant, but if there are large cracks, repairs will probably need to be done to the whole area of the paving. Slip resistance is provided by a coarse grain size and a small amount of porosity, but this kind of paving does not provide a slip-resistant surface for walking on.
The different types of paving stones that people use on their patios can be divided into four basic styles. These styles include stamped, stacked, interlocking pavers, and precast concrete paving stones. Stamped paving stones consist of repetitive designs of different widths, shapes, and depths.
Stacked paving slabs can be used to create walkways, garden paths, or driveways. They generally have a rectangular base, which is then covered with a felt texture that is glued on to the base. A pattern of interlocking pavers are laid over the top of the felt. This walkway is constructed by sliding slabs in between the pages. Stamped concrete is built up over the paper, using an interlocking system of slabs and ties to create a smooth and flat surface.
Interlocking pavers are made up of six interlocking pieces. These slabs are set in a horizontal manner, and slabs are placed horizontally in intervals of six inches. When paving natural stone, the material is cut into the correct dimensions, and then set into the mortar. It is important to moisten the paving material, mix it with water, and then use a trowel to apply the mixture over the soil to start the pouring process.